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Academy Awards for 1970

By Patrick Mondout

The 43rd Annual Academy Awards were held on April 15, 1971 at the Dorothy Chandler Pavillion (Los Angeles) and broadcast live on NBC. The show was one of the more memorable with George C. Scott's rejection and for Bob Hope's ill-conceived anti-demonstration joke which lead to a chorus of boos. Hope's monologue was called "weary, bitter, and excruciatingly unfunny" and "an embarrassment to everyone" by Los Angeles Times critic Charles Champlin.

As expected, Patton was the big winner with Best Picture, Best Actor, Best Director, and Best Writing awards. George C. Scott, who portrayed Patton, shocked Hollywood by becoming the first actor to refuse an Oscar. (The first to refuse any Oscar was 1935 winner Dudley Nichols, who returned his screenwriter award twice over a labor dispute.) Scott refused his award for Patton, calling the ceremonies “a two-hour meat parade, a public display with contrived suspense for economic reasons.” (Hmmm... Sounds like the movie Patton.) In reality, Scott was still bitter over his 1959 loss to Hugh Griffen of Ben Hur. Rather than watched the meat parade, Scott stayed home and watched a hockey game (a two-hour bloodbath contrived for economic reasons). Everyone had an opinion about Scott's gesture but one megastar was taking notes: Marlon Brando not only matched Scott's refusal two years later, he raised the gesture to an art form.

Note: All nominees are listed and Oscar winner! denotes the Oscar winner(s).
 
BEST PICTURE
  Airport, Ross Hunter, producer
  Five Easy Pieces, Bob Rafelson and Richard Wechsler, producers
  Love Story, Howard G. Minsky, producer
  M*A*S*H, Ingo Preminger, producer
Oscar winner! Patton, Frank McCarthy, producer
 
BEST ACTOR IN A LEADING ROLE
Jack Nicholson, Five Easy Pieces
James Earl Jones, The Great White Hope
  Melvyn Douglas, I Never Sang for My Father
Ryan O'Neal, Love Story
Oscar winner! George C. Scott, Patton (refused)
 
BEST ACTRESS IN A LEADING ROLE
  Carrie Snodgress, Diary of a Mad Housewife
  Jane Alexander, The Great White Hope
  Ali MacGraw, Love Story
  Sarah Miles, Ryan's Daughter
Oscar winner! Glenda Jackson, Women in Love
 
BEST ACTOR IN A SUPPORTING ROLE
  Gene Hackman, I Never Sang for My Father
  Chief Dan George, Little Big Man
  Richard Castellano, Lovers and Other Strangers
  John Marley, Love Story
Oscar winner! John Mills, Ryan's Daughter
 
BEST ACTRESS IN A SUPPORTING ROLE
Oscar winner! Helen Hayes, Airport
  Maureen Stapleton, Airport
  Karen Black, Five Easy Pieces
  Lee Grant, The Landlord
  Sally Kellerman, M*A*S*H
 
BEST DIRECTOR
  Federico Fellini, Satyricon
  Arthur Hiller, Love Story
  Robert Altman, M*A*S*H
Oscar winner! Franklin J. Schaffner, Patton
  Ken Russell, Women in Love
 
BEST WRITING (SCREENPLAY FACTUALLY BASED OR NEW MATERIAL)
  Bob Rafelson and Adrien Joyce, story; Adrien Joyce, screenplay, Five Easy Pieces
  Norman Wexler, Joe
  Erich Segal, Love Story
  Eric Rohmer, My Night at Maud's
Oscar winner! Francis Ford Coppola and Edmund H. North, Patton
 
BEST WRITING (SCREENPLAY BASED ON MATERIAL FROM ANOTHER MEDIUM)
  George Seaton, Airport
  Robert Anderson, I Never Sang for My Father
  Renee Taylor, Joseph Bologna and David Zelag Goodman, Lovers and Other Strangers
Oscar winner! Ring Lardner, Jr., M*A*S*H
  Larry Kramer, Women in Love
 
BEST CINEMATOGRAPHY
  Ernest Laszlo, Airport
  Fred Koenekamp, Patton
Oscar winner! Freddie Young, Ryan's Daughter
  Charles F. Wheeler, Osami Furuya, Sinsaku Himeda and Masamichi Satoh, Tora! Tora! Tora!
  Billy Williams, Women in Love
 
BEST FILM EDITING
  Stuart Gilmore, Airport
  Danford B. Greene, M*A*S*H
Oscar winner! Hugh S. Fowler, Patton
  James E. Newcom, Pembroke J. Herring and Inoue Chikaya, Tora! Tora! Tora!
  Thelma Schoonmaker, Woodstock
 
BEST ART DIRECTION/SET DIRECTION
  Alexander Golitzen and E. Preston Ames, art direction; Jack D. Moore and Mickey S. Michaels, set decoration, Airport
  Tambi Larsen, art direction; Darrell Silvera, set decoration, The Molly Maguires
Oscar winner! Urie McCleary and Gil Parrondo, art direction; Antonio Mateos and Pierre-Louis Thevenet, set decoration, Patton
  Terry Marsh and Bob Cartwright, art direction; Pamela Cornell, set decoration, Scrooge
  Jack Martin Smith, Yoshiro Muraki, Richard Day and Taizoh Kawashima, art direction; Walter M. Scott, Norman Rockett and Carl Biddiscombe, set decoration, Tora! Tora! Tora!
 
BEST COSTUME DESIGN
  Edith Head, Airport
Oscar winner! Nino Novarese, Cromwell
  Donald Brooks and Jack Bear, Darling Lili
  Bill Thomas, The Hawaiians
  Margaret Furse, Scrooge
 
BEST SOUND
  Gordon K. McCallum and John Bramall, Ryan's Daughter
  Ronald Pierce and David Moriarty, Airport
  Murray Spivack and Herman Lewis, Tora! Tora! Tora!
  Dan Wallin and Larry Johnson, Woodstock
Oscar winner! Douglas Williams and Don Bassman, Patton
 
BEST SOUND (SONG ORIGINAL TO THE PICTURE)
  “Whistling Away the Dark,” Darling Lili, Henry Mancini, music; Johnny Mercer, lyrics
Oscar winner! “For All We Know,” Lovers and Other Strangers, Fred Karlin, music; Robb Royer and James Griffin, lyrics
  “Till Love Touches Your Life,” Madron, Riz Ortolani, music; Arthur Hamilton, lyrics
  “Pieces of Dreams,” Pieces of Dreams, Michel Legrand, music; Alan and Marilyn Bergman, lyrics
  “Thank You Very Much,” Scrooge, Leslie Bricusse, music and lyrics
 
BEST MUSIC (ORIGINAL SCORE)
  Alfred Newman, Airport
  Frank Cordell, Cromwell
Oscar winner! Francis Lai, Love Story
  Jerry Goldsmith, Patton
  Henry Mancini, Sunflower
 
BEST MUSIC (ORIGINAL SONG SCORE)
  Rod McKuen and John Scott Trotter, music; Rod McKuen, Bill Melendez and Al Shean, lyrics; Vince Guaraldi, adaptation score, A Boy Named Charlie Brown
  Fred Karlin and Tylwyth Kymry, The Baby Maker
  Henry Mancini, music; Johnny Mercer, lyrics, Darling Lili
Oscar winner! The Beatles, Let It Be
  Leslie Bricusse, music and lyrics; Ian Fraser and Herbert W. Spencer, adaptation, Scrooge
 
BEST SHORT FILMS (CARTOON)
  The Further Adventures of Uncle Sam: Part Two (Haboush Company; Goldstone Films)
Oscar winner! Is It Always Right to Be Right? (Stephen Bosustow Productions; Lester A. Schoenfeld Films)
  The Shepherd (Cameron Guess and Associates; Brandon Films)
 
BEST SHORT FILMS (LIVE ACTION)
Oscar winner! The Resurrection of Broncho Billy (University of Southern California, Department of Cinema; Universal)
  Shut Up . . .I'm Crying (Robert Siegler Productions; Lester A. Schoenfeld Films)
  Sticky My Fingers . . .Fleet My Feet (American Film Institute; Lester A. Schoenfeld Films)
 
BEST DOCUMENTARY (SHORT SUBJECTS)
  A Long Way From Nowhere (Bob Aller, producer; Robert Aller Productions)
  The Gifts (Robert McBride, producer; Richter-McBride Productions for the Water Quality Office of the Environmental Protection Agency)
Oscar winner! Interviews With My Lai Veterans (Joseph Strick, producer; Laser Film Corp.)
  Oisin (Vivien Carey and Patrick Carey, producers; Aengus Films)
  Time Is Running Out (Horst Dallmayr and Robert Menegoz, producers; Gesellschaft für bildende Filme)
 
BEST DOCUMENTARY (FEATURES)
  Chariots of the Gods (Dr. Harald Reinl, producer; Terra-Filmkunst GmbH)
  Jack Johnson (Jim Jacobs, producer; The Big Fights)
  King: A Filmed Record . . .Montgomery to Memphis (Ely Landau, producer; Commonwealth United Corporation Production)
  Say Goodbye (David H. Vowell, producer; David L. Wolper Productions)
Oscar winner! Woodstock (Wadleigh-Maurice Ltd.; Warner Bros.)
 
BEST FOREIGN LANGUAGE FILM
  First Love, Switzerland
  Hoa-Binh, France
Oscar winner! Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion, Italy
  Paix Sur Les Champs, Belgium
  Tristana, Spain
 
SPECIAL VISUAL EFFECTS
  Alex Weldon, Patton
Oscar winner! A.D. Flowers and L.B. Abbott, Tora! Tora! Tora!

Other Awards

The Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award went to Ingmar Bergman and the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award to Frank Sinatra. Honorary Awards were awarded to Lillian Gish "for superlative artistry and for distinguished contribution to the progress of motion pictures" and to Orson Welles "for superlative artistry and versatility in the creation of motion pictures."

Scientific Awards

Consolidated Film Industries (Laboratory)
Edward H. Reichard (Laboratory)
Leonard Sokolow (Laboratory)
Eastman Kodak Company (Laboratory)
Electro Sound Incorporated (Sound)
B. J. Losmandy (Sound)
Photo Electronics Corporation (Laboratory)
Sylvania Electric Products, Inc. (Lighting)

 

FILM FACTS

Best Picture: Patton

What: 43rd Annual Academy Awards

Date: April 15, 1971

Host: (No single host)

Location: Dorothy Chandler Pavillion (Los Angeles)

Network: NBC


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