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Academy Awards for 1972

By Patrick Mondout

The 45th Annual Academy Awards were hosted by Carol Burnett, Michael Caine, Charlton Heston and Rock Hudson on March 27, 1973 at the Dorothy Chandler Pavillion (Los Angeles) and broadcast live on NBC. The Godfather and Cabaret were the big winners. Godfather's Marlon Brando, obviously inspired by George C. Scott's stunt two years earlier, not only refused his Oscar for Best Actor, but had a Apache woman give an speech denouncing how Native Americans were treated in Hollywood in one of the most shocking Academy Awards moments ever.

Live award shows rarely go exactly as planned, as Howard Koch, the producer this night, learned. Charleton Heston was to be the first of four co-hosts but was not present. Instead, Koch headed into the star-studded audience and plucked a reluctant Clint Eastwood to sub for Heston. Eastwood told the audience one of the hosts had yet to arrive, "So, who did they get?" he asked rhetorically. "A guy who hasn't said three lines in 12 movies." An embarrassed but unapologetic (an unfortunate trait Heston would still posses nearly three decades later) Heston, who later claimed to have a flat tire, joined the show a few minutes later.

Charlie Chaplin, who had been given an honorary award the year before, won for Original Dramatic Score for Limelight - a movie from 1952! Why? Limelight did not appear on U.S. screens until 1972, finally making it Oscar-eligible.

Note: All nominees are listed and Oscar winner! denotes the Oscar winner.
 
BEST PICTURE
  Cabaret, Cy Feuer, producer
  Deliverance, John Boorman, producer
  The Emigrants, Bengt Forslund, producer
Oscar winner! The Godfather, Albert S. Ruddy, producer
  Sounder, Robert B. Radnitz, producer
 
BEST ACTOR IN A LEADING ROLE
Oscar winner! Marlon Brando, The Godfather (refused)
Peter O'Toole, The Ruling Class
  Michael Caine, Sleuth
Laurence Olivier, Sleuth
Paul Winfield, Sounder
 
BEST ACTRESS IN A LEADING ROLE
Oscar winner! Liza Minelli, Cabaret
  Liv Ullman, The Emigrants
  Diana Ross, Lady Sings the Blues
  Cicely Tyson, Sounder
  Maggie Smith, Travels With My Aunt
 
BEST ACTOR IN A SUPPORTING ROLE
Oscar winner! Joel Grey, Cabaret
  James Caan, The Godfather
  Robert Duvall, The Godfather
  Al Pacino, The Godfather
  Eddie Albert, The Heartbreak Kid
 
BEST ACTRESS IN A SUPPORTING ROLE
Oscar winner! Eileen Heckart, Butterflies Are Free
  Susan Tyrrell, Fat City
  Jeannie Berlin, The Heartbreak Kid
  Geraldine Page, Pete 'n' Tillie
  Shelley Winters, The Poseidon Adventure
 
BEST DIRECTOR
Oscar winner! Bob Fosse, Cabaret
  John Boorman, Deliverance
  Jan Troell, The Emigrants
  Francis Ford Coppola, The Godfather
  Joseph L. Mankiewicz, Sleuth
 
BEST WRITING (SCREENPLAY FACTUALLY BASED OR NEW MATERIAL)
Oscar winner! Jeremy Larner, The Candidate
  Luis Buñuel, story and screenplay in collaboration with Jean-Claude Carrière, The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie
  Terence McCloy, Chris Clark and Suzanne de Passe, Lady Sings the Blues
  Louis Malle, Murmur of the Heart
  Carl Foreman, Young Winston
 
BEST WRITING (SCREENPLAY BASED ON MATERIAL FROM ANOTHER MEDIUM)
  Jay Allen, Cabaret
  Jan Troell and Bengt Forslund, The Emigrants
Oscar winner! Mario Puzo and Francis Ford Coppola, The Godfather
  Julius J. Epstein, Pete 'n' Tillie
  Lonne Elder, III, Sounder
 
BEST CINEMATOGRAPHY
  Charles B. Lang, Butterflies Are Free
Oscar winner! Geoffrey Unsworth, Cabaret
  Harry Stradling, Jr., 1776
  Harold E. Stine, The Poseidon Adventure
  Douglas Slocombe, Travels With My Aunt
 
BEST FILM EDITING
Oscar winner! David Bretherton, Cabaret
  Tom Priestley, Deliverance
  William Reynolds and Peter Zinner, The Godfather
  Frank P. Keller and Fred W. Berger, The Hot Rock
  Harold F. Kress, The Poseidon Adventure
 
BEST ART DIRECTION/SET DIRECTION
Oscar winner! Rolf Zehetbauer and Jurgen Kiebach, art direction; Herbert Strabel, set decoration, Cabaret
  Carl Anderson, art direction; Reg Allen, set decoration, Lady Sings the Blues
  William Creber, art direction; Raphael Bretton, set decoration, The Poseidon Adventure
  John Box, Gil Parrondo and Robert W. Laing, art direction and set decoration, Travels With My Aunt
  Don Ashton, Geoffrey Drake, John Graysmark and William Hutchinson, art direction; Peter James, set decoration, Young Winston
 
BEST COSTUME DESIGN
  Anna Hill Johnstone, The Godfather
  Bob Mackie, Ray Aghayan and Norma Koch, Lady Sings the Blues
  Paul Zastupnevich, The Poseidon Adventure
Oscar winner! Anthony Powell, Travels With My Aunt
  Anthony Mendleson, Young Winston
 
BEST SOUND
  Arthur Piantadosi and Charles Knight, Butterflies Are Free
Oscar winner! Robert Knudson and David Hildyard, Cabaret
  Richard Portman and Gene Cantamessa, The Candidate
  Bud Grenzbach, Richard Portman and Christopher Newman, The Godfather
  Theodore Soderberg and Herman Lewis, The Poseidon Adventure
 
BEST SOUND (SONG ORIGINAL TO THE PICTURE)
  “Ben,” Ben, Walter Scharf, music; Don Black, lyrics
  “Marmalade, Molasses & Honey,” The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean, Maurice Jarre, music; Marilyn and Alan Bergman, lyrics
  “Come Follow, Follow Me,” The Little Ark, Fred Karlin, music; Marsha Karlin, lyrics
Oscar winner! “The Morning After,” The Poseidon Adventure, Al Kasha and Joel Hirschhorn, music and lyrics
  “Strange Are the Ways of Love,” The Stepmother, Sammy Fain, music; Paul Francis Webster, lyrics
 
BEST MUSIC (ORIGINAL SCORE)
  John Williams, Images
Oscar winner! Charles Chaplin, Raymond Rasch and Larry Russell, Limelight
  Buddy Baker, Napoleon and Samantha
  John Williams, The Poseidon Adventure
  John Addison, Sleuth
 
BEST MUSIC (ORIGINAL SONG SCORE)
Oscar winner! Ralph Burns, Cabaret
  Gil Askey, Lady Sings the Blues
  Laurence Rosenthal, Man of La Mancha
 
BEST SHORT FILMS (ANIMATED)
Oscar winner! A Christmas Carol (Richard Williams Production; American Broadcasting Company Film Services)
  Kama Sutra Rides Again (Bob Godfrey Films, Ltd.; Lion International Films)
  Tup Tup (Zagreb Film-Corona Cinematografica Production; Manson Distributing)
 
BEST SHORT FILMS (LIVE ACTION)
  Frog Story (Gidron Productions; Lester A. Schoenfeld Films)
Oscar winner! Norman Rockwell's World... An American Dream (Concepts Unlimited; Columbia)
  Solo (Pyramid Films; United Artists)
 
BEST DOCUMENTARY (SHORT SUBJECTS)
  Hundertwasser's Rainy Day (Argos Films-Peter Schamoni Film Production)
  K-Z (Giorgio Treves, producer; Nexus Film S.r.l. Production)
  Selling Out (Tadeusz Jaworski, producer; Unit Productions Film)
Oscar winner! This Tiny World (Charles Huguenot van der Linden and Martina Huguenot van der Linden, producers; Charles Huguenot van der Linden Production)
  The Tide of Traffic (Humphrey Swingler, producer; BP-Greenpark Production)
 
BEST DOCUMENTARY (FEATURES)
  Ape and Super-Ape (Bert Haanstra Film Production; Netherlands Ministry of Culture, Recreation and Social Welfare)
  Malcolm X (Marvin Worth Production; Warner Bros.)
  Manson (Robert Hendrickson and Laurence Merrick, producers; Merrick International Pictures)
Oscar winner! Marjoe (Cinema X Production; Cinema 5, Ltd.)
  The Silent Revolution (Eckehard Munck, producer; Leonaris Film Production)
 
BEST FOREIGN LANGUAGE FILM
  The Dawns Here Are Quiet, U.S.S.R.
Oscar winner! The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie, France
  I Love You Rosa, Israel
  My Dearest Señorita, Spain
  The New Land, Sweden
 

Other Awards

A Special Achievement Award for Visual Effects was bestowed upon L.B. Abbott and A.D. Flowers for their work on The Poseidon Adventure. The Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award was given to Rosalind Russell.

Honorary awards were handed out to Charles S. Boren for "38 years of the industry's enlightened labor relations and architect of its policy of nondiscrimination" and posthumously to Edward G. Robinson "who achieved greatness as a player, a patron of the arts and a dedicated citizen . . .in sum, a Renaissance man."

Scientific Awards

Joseph E. Bluth (Laboratory)
Consolidated Film Industries (Laboratory)
Edward Efron (Laboratory)
IBM (Laboratory)
Howard T. LaZare (Laboratory)
Panavision, Incorporated (Camera)
Edward H. Reichard (Laboratory)
AMPTP Motion Picture and Television Research Center (Props)
AMPTP Motion Picture and Television Research Center (Lenses and Filters)
G. M. Berggren (Projection)
Canon, Inc. (Lenses and Filters)
Carter Equipment Company, Inc. (Laboratory)
Frank P. Clark (Props)
David Degenkolb (Laboratory)
DeLuxe General Incorporated (Laboratory)
E. H. Geissler (Projection)
Ryusho Hirose (Lenses and Filters)
Wilton R. Holm (Lenses and Filters)
Kollmorgen Corporation (Laboratory)
Kollmorgen Corporation Photo Research Division (Laboratory)
Harry Larson (Laboratory)
Manfred Michelson (Laboratory)
Jiro Mukai (Lenses and Filters)
Leonard L. Olson (Props)
PSC Technology Inc., Acme Products Division (Laboratory)
Philip V. Palmquist (Props)
RAMtronics (Laboratory)
Fred Scobey (Laboratory)
3M Company (Props)
Wil-Kin Inc. (Projection)

 

FILM FACTS

Best Picture: The Godfather

What: 45th Annual Academy Awards

Date: March 27, 1973

Hosts: Carol Burnett, Michael Caine, Charlton Heston and Rock Hudson

Location: Dorothy Chandler Pavillion (Los Angeles)

Network: NBC


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