Terrorism in the Super70s
By Patrick Mondout
Here's a brief look at major terrorist acts of the Super70s.
U.S. Agency for International Development Adviser Kidnapped, July
31, 1970: In Montevideo, Uruguay, the Tupamaros terrorist group
kidnapped USAID Police adviser Dan Mitrione; his body was found on August
"Bloody Friday," July 21, 1972: An Irish
Republican Army (IRA) bomb attacks killed 11 people and injured 130 in
Belfast, Northern Ireland. Ten days later, three IRA car bomb attacks in
the village of Claudy left six dead.
Munich Olympic Massacre, September 5, 1972: Eight Palestinian
September" terrorists seized 11 Israeli athletes in the Olympic
Village in Munich, West Germany. In a bungled rescue attempt by West
German authorities, nine of the hostages and five terrorists were killed.
Ambassador to Sudan Assassinated, March 2, 1973: U.S. Ambassador
to Sudan Cleo A. Noel and other diplomats were assassinated at the Saudi
Arabian Embassy in Khartoum by members of the Black
Consul General in Mexico Kidnapped, May 4, 1973: U.S. Consul
General in Guadalajara Terrance Leonhardy was kidnapped by members of the
People's Revolutionary Armed Forces.
Dr. Marcus Foster Assassinated, November 6, 1973: An American
terrorist group calling itself the Symbionese
Liberation Army (SLA) assassinates
Marcus Foster, Oakland Superintendent
of Schools. The group would later kidnap
heiress Patty Hearst and murder a customer during a
Domestic Terrorism, January 27-29, 1975: Puerto Rican
nationalists bombed a Wall Street bar, killing four and injuring 60; 2
days later, the Weather Underground claims responsibility for an explosion
in a bathroom at the U.S. Department of State in Washington.
Entebbe Hostage Crisis, June 27, 1976: Members of the
Baader-Meinhof Group and the Popular
Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) seized an Air France
airliner and its 258 passengers. They forced the plane to land in Uganda,
where on July 3 Israeli commandos successfully rescued the passengers.
Assassination of Former Chilean Diplomat, September 21, 1976: In
Washington, exiled Chilean Foreign Minister Orlando Letelier was killed by
a car bomb.
Kidnapping of Italian Prime Minister, March 16, 1978: Premier
Aldo Moro was seized by the Red Brigade and assassinated 55 days later.
Hostage Crisis, November 4, 1979: After President Carter agreed to
admit the Shah of Iran into the U.S., Iranian radicals seized the U.S.
embassy in Tehran and took 66 American diplomats hostage. Thirteen
hostages were soon released, but the remaining 53 were held until their
release on January 20, 1981.
Grand Mosque Seizure, November 20, 1979: 200 Islamic terrorists
seized the Grand Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, taking hundreds of
pilgrims hostage. Saudi and French security forces retook the shrine after
an intense battle in which some 250 people were killed and 600 wounded.
miss our look at terrorism in the Awesome80s.
We would like to thank the Office of the Historian
at the U.S. Department of State for the information above.