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Japan Air Lines 422

By Patrick Mondout

About 8:55 p.m. on December 16, 1975, Japan Air Lines (JAL) Flight 422 slid off the north side of the east-west taxiway of Anchorage International Airport while taxiing out for a takeoff on runway 6R. Of the 121 persons on board, 2 were injured seriously. The aircraft was damaged substantially by impact; there was no fire.

The aircraft weathercocked about 70 to the left and slid backward down a snow-covered embankment with an average slope of -13. The aircraft came to rest on a heading of 150 on a service road approximately 250 feet from, and 50 feet below, the taxiway surface.

JAL 747s

A pair of JAL 747-246B aircraft similar to the one involved in this crash, as seen in Anchorage in May 1986.

Image courtesy of AirNikon. Find more of his photos at Airliners.net.

 

The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was the loss of directional control during taxi as a result of ice on the taxiway and strong, direct crosswinds.

Contributing to the accident were (1) the captain's decision to take off from runway 6R after receiving reports that taxiing conditions were deteriorating, and (2) failure of airport management to anticipate predictable unsafe icing conditions on the airport. This failure to anticipate these conditions resulted in delayed and insufficient preventive action.

Source: Adapted from National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) report NTSB-AAR-76-12.

Japan Air Lines 422 at a Glance
AirlineJapan Air Lines
DateDecember 16, 1975
Flight number422
Registration NumberJA8122
Crew Fatalities0 of 20
Passenger Fatalities0 of 101
Total Fatalities0 of 121

Air Safety References:
Bartelski, Jan. Disasters in the Air: Mysterious Air Disasters Explained. Airlife Publishing: England, 2001.
Beaty, David. The Naked Pilot: The Human Factor in Aircraft Accidents. Airlife Publishing: England, 1996.
Cushing, Steven. Fatal Words: Communication Clashes and Aircraft Crashes University of Chicago Press: Chicago, 1997.
Faith, Nicholas. Black Box: The Air-Crash Detectives-Why Air Safety Is No Accident. Motorbooks International, 1997.
Gero, David. Aviation Disasters: The World's Major Civil Airliner Crashes Since 1950. Sutton, 2003.
Job, Macarthur. Air Disaster (Volume 1). Aerospace Publications: Fyshwick, Australia, 1995.
Job, Macarthur. Air Disaster (Volume 2). Aerospace Publications: Fyshwick, Australia, 1996.
Job, Macarthur. Air Disaster (Volume 3). Aerospace Publications: Fyshwick, Australia, 1999.
Krause, Shari Stamford. Aircraft Safety: Accident Investigations, Analyses & Applications. McGraw Hill, New York, 1996.
Macpherson, Malcolm. The Black Box : All-New Cockpit Voice Recorder Accounts Of In-flight Accidents. New York: William Morrow, 1998.
Macpherson, Malcolm. On a Wing and a Prayer: Interviews with Airline Disaster Survivors. Perennial, 2002.
Owen, David. Air Accident Investigation, 2nd Edition. Motorbooks International, 2002.
Stewart, Stanley. Emergency! - Crisis on the Flight Deck, 2nd Edition. Airlife Publishing, England, 2003.
Walters, James M. Aircraft Accident Analysis: Final Reports. McGraw-Hill Professional, 2000.
Wells, Alexander T. Commercial Aviation Safety, 3rd Edition. McGraw-Hill Professional, 2001.

 

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DISASTER DETAILS

Airline: Japan Air Lines

Location: Anchorage

Aircraft: Boeing 747

Date: December 16, 1975

Total Fatalities: 0 of 121



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