Frederic developed off the African coast on August 27, briefly became a
hurricane on September 1, and then weakened to a
tropical depression just north of Haiti. Frederic began to strengthen on
September 7 and regained tropical storm intensity on September 9 near
western Cuba. Frederic then turned to the north northwest with increasing
forward speed for the next 60 hours.
The eye passed over Dauphin Island,AL on the 13th. The highest winds
recorded on Dauphin Island were 120 mph with gusts to 145 mph. Tides of 8
to 12 feet above normal were reported in the hurricane warning area from
Pascagoula, MS, to western Santa Rosa Island, AL. Storm tides were 12 feet
at Gulf Shores, AL.
Advance preparedness activities by Alabama authorities kept the death
toll to five with estimates of 350,000 persons evacuated from the