1975: End of Vietnam War, Two Attempts on Ford's Life, Hoffa Missing
By Patrick Mondout
The Watergate hearings ended
with various defendants either heading off to prison or being released
from prison. Margaret Thatcher became the first woman to lead a political
party in Britain, labor leader Jimmy Hoffa was reported missing, and two
women attempted in separate incidents to assassinate President Ford in
January 1: Nixon henchmen H.R.
Mitchell, and Robert
Maridian are convicted in the Watergate
January 8: Watergate figures John
Kalmbach and Jeb
Magruder are released from prison.
January 12: The Pittsburgh Steelers defeated the
Minnesota Vikings 16-6 to win their first championship in Super
January 17: China officially adopts a new
January 31: Nixon's former counsel Charles
Colson is released from prison.
February 11: Margaret Thatcher becomes the first
woman to lead a British political party by being elected leader of the
February 27: Nearly four years after J. Edgar
Hoover's death, Attorney General Levi confirms that the FBI kept secret
files on the private lives of presidents, congressmen, and others by
March 12: Former Nixon cabinet member and chief
Stans pleads guilty to violating federal campaign finance laws.
April 13: President Ngarta Tombaibaye of Chad is
killed during a military coup.
April 17: Former secretary of the treasury John
Connally is acquitted of bribery.
April 23: Having lost, President Ford announces
the end of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam war.
April 30: South Vietnam surrenders to the
Communists in the north ending the war in Vietnam.
June 5: Egypt's Anwar Sadat officially reopens
the Suez Canal, which has been closed since the end of the 1967
June 24: An Eastern
Airlines 727 crashes
while landing at New York's JFK Airport killing 113 passengers and
July 15: The the joint U.S.-Soviet Apollo-Soyuz
space mission begins.
July 31: Jimmy Hoffa, former president of the
Teamsters, is reported missing in Detroit.
September 5: Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme,
a former follower of Charles Manson is arrested after pointing a gun at
President Ford in Sacramento.
September 18: Patty
Hearst is arrested by the FBI ending a 19 month search.
September 22: Sara Jane Moore attempts to
assassinate President Ford in San Francisco but Ford escapes unharmed.
October 22: The Cincinnati Reds defeat the
Boston Red Sox in game 7 to win the World Series.
November 3: In a reorganization of his cabinet,
President Ford announces that George Bush will succeed William Colby as
CIA directory and Brent Scowcroft will replace Henry Kissinger as National
Security Council director.
November 10: The UN approves a resolution
equating Zionism with racism by a 72-35 vote.
November 20: Dictator Francisco Franco of Spain
November 20: A Senate select committee
investigating the CIA reports that U.S. officials had participated in
plots to kill foreign leaders.
December 19: John Paul Stevens is sworn in as a
Supreme Court Justice replacing William O. Douglas, who retired in
November due to poor health.
December 29: A bomb at New York's LaGuardia
Airport explodes killing 11 and injuring 75.