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Academy Awards for 1975

By Patrick Mondout

The 48th Annual Academy Awards were hosted by Walter Matthau, Robert Shaw, George Segal, Goldie Hawn, and Gene Kelly on March 29, 1976 at the Dorothy Chandler Pavillion (Los Angeles) and broadcast live on ABC. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, based on the Ken Kesey novel of the same name, was the big winner garnering five O's for Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor, Best Actress, and Best Writing.

One person who was not happy Oscar night was Cuckoo's author. Kesey who had endeared himself to the cast and crew by telling a local reporter who asked if he'd visited the set, "Does a mother preside over her own abortion?", and had also sued producer Michael Douglas for a bigger share of the film's profits was upset no one mentioned his name during the entire show! "Oscar night should have been one of the great days of my life, like a wedding. I really love movies. When they can be turned around to break your heart like this, well, it's like something you never thought would happen", Kesey told Variety. He more recently told Entertainment Weekly that he's never seen the movie.

On a more moving Cuckoo note, Louise Fletcher - winner for Best Actress - thanked her deaf parents watching in Alabama in sign language: "I want to thank you for teaching me to have a dream."

Note: All nominees are listed and Oscar winner! denotes the Oscar winner(s).
 
BEST PICTURE
  Barry Lyndon, Stanley Kubrick, producer
  Dog Day Afternoon, Martin Bregman and Martin Elfand, producers
  Jaws, Richard D. Zanuck and David Brown, producers
  Nashville, Robert Altman, producer
Oscar winner! One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, Saul Zaentz and Michael Douglas, producers
 
BEST ACTOR IN A LEADING ROLE
Al Pacino, Dog Day Afternoon
James Whitmore, Give 'em Hell, Harry!
  Maximilian Schell, The Man in the Glass Booth
Oscar winner! Jack Nicholson, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
Walter Matthau, The Sunshine Boys
 
BEST ACTRESS IN A LEADING ROLE
  Glenda Jackson, Hedda
  Carol Kane, Hester Street
Oscar winner! Louise Fletcher, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
  Isabelle Adjani, The Story of Adele H.
  Ann-Margret, Tommy
 
BEST ACTOR IN A SUPPORTING ROLE
  Burgess Meredith, The Day of the Locust
  Chris Sarandon, Dog Day Afternoon
  Brad Dourif, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
  Jack Warden, Shampoo
Oscar winner! George Burns, The Sunshine Boys
 
BEST ACTRESS IN A SUPPORTING ROLE
  Sylvia Miles, Farewell, My Lovely
  Brenda Vaccaro, Jacqueline Susann's Once Is Not Enough
  Ronee Blakley, Nashville
  Lily Tomlin, Nashville
Oscar winner! Lee Grant, Shampoo
 
BEST DIRECTOR
  Federico Fellini, Amarcord
  Stanley Kubrick, Barry Lyndon
  Sidney Lumet, Dog Day Afternoon
  Robert Altman, Nashville
Oscar winner! Milos Forman, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
 
BEST WRITING (SCREENPLAY FACTUALLY BASED OR NEW MATERIAL)
  Federico Fellini and Tonino Guerra, Amarcord
  Claude Lelouch and Pierre Uytterhoeven, And Now My Love
Oscar winner! Frank Pierson, Dog Day Afternoon
  Ted Allan, Lies My Father Told Me
  Robert Towne and Warren Beatty, Shampoo
 
BEST WRITING (SCREENPLAY BASED ON MATERIAL FROM ANOTHER MEDIUM)
  Stanley Kubrick, Barry Lyndon
  John Huston and Gladys Hill, The Man Who Would Be King
Oscar winner! Lawrence Hauben and Bo Goldman, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
  Ruggero Maccari and Dino Risi, Scent of a Woman
  Neil Simon, The Sunshine Boys
 
BEST CINEMATOGRAPHY
Oscar winner! John Alcott, Barry Lyndon
  Conrad Hall, The Day of the Locust
  James Wong Howe, Funny Lady
  Robert Surtees, The Hindenburg
  Haskell Wexler and Bill Butler, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
 
BEST FILM EDITING
  Dede Allen, Dog Day Afternoon
Oscar winner! Verna Fields, Jaws
  Russell Lloyd, The Man Who Would Be King
  Richard Chew, Lynzee Klingman and Sheldon Kahn, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
  Frederic Steinkamp and Don Guidice, Three Days of the Condor
 
BEST ART DIRECTION/SET DIRECTION
Oscar winner! Ken Adam and Roy Walker, art direction; Vernon Dixon, set decoration, Barry Lyndon
  Edward Carfagno, art direction; Frank McKelvy, set decoration, The Hindenburg
  Alexander Trauner and Tony Inglis, art direction; Peter James, set decoration, The Man Who Would Be King
  Richard Sylbert and W. Stewart Campbell, art direction; George Gaines, set decoration, Shampoo
  Albert Brenner, art direction; Marvin March, set decoration, The Sunshine Boys
 
BEST COSTUME DESIGN
Oscar winner! Ulla-Britt Soderlund and Milena Canonero, Barry Lyndon
  Yvonne Blake and Ron Talsky, The Four Musketeers
  Ray Aghayan and Bob Mackie, Funny Lady
  Henny Noremark and Karin Erskine, The Magic Flute
  Edith Head, The Man Who Would Be King
 
BEST SOUND
  Arthur Piantadosi, Les Fresholtz, Richard Tyler and Al Overton, Jr., Bite the Bullet
  Richard Portman, Don MacDougall, Curly Thirlwell and Jack Solomon, Funny Lady
  Leonard Peterson, John A. Bolger, Jr., John Mack and Don K. Sharpless, The Hindenburg
Oscar winner! Robert L. Hoyt, Roger Heman, Earl Madery and John Carter, Jaws
  Harry W. Tetrick, Aaron Rochin, William McCaughey and Roy Charman, The Wind and the Lion
 
BEST SOUND (SONG ORIGINAL TO THE PICTURE)
  “How Lucky Can You Get,” Funny Lady, Fred Ebb and John Kander, music and lyrics
  “Theme From Mahogany” (Do You Know Where You're Going To), Mahogany, Michael Masser, music; Gerry Goffin, lyrics
Oscar winner! “I'm Easy,” Nashville, Keith Carradine, music and lyrics
  “Richard's Window,” The Other Side of the Mountain, Charles Fox, music; Norman Gimbel, lyrics
  “Now That We're in Love,” Whiffs, George Barrie, music; Sammy Cahn, lyrics
 
BEST MUSIC (ORIGINAL SCORE)
  Gerald Fried, Birds Do It, Bees Do It
  Alex North, Bite the Bullet
Oscar winner! John Williams, Jaws
  Jack Nitzsche, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
  Jerry Goldsmith, The Wind and the Lion
 
BEST MUSIC (ORIGINAL SONG SCORE)
Oscar winner! Leonard Rosenman, Barry Lyndon
  Peter Matz, Funny Lady
  Peter Townshend, Tommy
 
BEST SHORT FILMS (ANIMATED)
Oscar winner! Great (Grantstern Ltd.; British Lion Films Ltd.)
  Kick Me (Robert Swarthe, producer; Robert Swarthe Productions)
  Monsieur Pointu (René Jodoin, Bernard Longpré and André Leduc, producers; National Film Board of Canada)
  Sisyphus (Marcell Jankovics, producer; Hungarofilms)
 
BEST SHORT FILMS (LIVE ACTION)
  A Day in the Life of Bonnie Consolo (Barry Spinello, producer; Barr Films)
Oscar winner! Angel and Big Joe (Bert Salzman, producer; Bert Salzman Productions)
  Conquest of Light (Louis Marcus, producer; Louis Marcus Films Ltd.)
  Dawn Flight (Lawrence M. Lansburgh and Brian Lansburgh, producers; Lawrence M. Lansburgh Productions)
  Doubletalk (Alan Beattie, producer; Beattie Productions)
 
BEST DOCUMENTARY (SHORT SUBJECTS)
  Arthur and Lillie (Jon Else, Steven Kovacs and Kristine Samuelson, producers; Stanford University Department of Communication)
Oscar winner! The End of the Game (Claire Wilbur and Robin Lehman, producers; Opus Films Ltd.)
  Millions of Years Ahead of Man (Manfred Baier, producer; BASF)
  Probes in Space (George V. Casey, producer; Graphic Films)
  Whistling Smith (Barrie Howells and Michael Scott, producers; National Film Board of Canada)
 
BEST DOCUMENTARY (FEATURES)
  The California Reich (Walter F. Parkes and Keith F. Critchlow, producers; Yasny Talking Pictures)
  Fighting for Our Lives (Glen Pearcy, producer; Farm Worker Film)
  The Incredible Machine (National Geographic Society and Wolper Productions)
Oscar winner! The Man Who Skied Down Everest (F. R. Crawley, James Hager and Dale Hartleben, producers; Crawley Films Presentation)
  The Other Half of the Sky: A China Memoir (Shirley MacLaine, producer; MacLaine Productions)
 
BEST FOREIGN LANGUAGE FILM
Oscar winner! Dersu Uzala, U.S.S.R.
  Land of Promise, Poland
  Letters From Marusia, Mexico
  Sandakan No. 8, Japan
  Scent of a Woman, Italy
 

Other Awards

The Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award was awarded to Mervyn LeRoy and the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award was presented to Dr. Jules C. Stein.

An Honorary Award was given to Mary Pickford "in recognition of her unique contributions to the film industry and the development of film as an artistic medium."

Special Achievement Awards were handed out for Sound Effects (Peter Berkos, The Hindenburg) and for Visual Effects (Albert Whitlock and Glen Robinson, The Hindenburg).

Scientific Awards

William F. Miner (Lighting)
Chadwell O'Connor (Stage Operations)
O'Connor Engineering Laboratories (Stage Operations)
Universal City Studios, Inc. (Lighting)
Westinghouse Electric Corporation (Lighting)
Akwaklame Company (Laboratory)
Roger Banks (Special Photographic)
Bell and Howell Company (Laboratory)
Lawrence W. Butler (Special Photographic)
Carter Equipment Company, Inc. (Laboratory)
David J. Degenkolb (Laboratory)
Deluxe General Incorporated (Laboratory)
John C. Dolan (Laboratory)
Richard Dubois (Laboratory)
Hollywood Film Company (Laboratory)
Ramtronics (Laboratory)
Fredrik Schlyter (Laboratory)
Fred Scobey (Laboratory)
Joseph Westheimer (Special Photographic)

 

FILM FACTS

Best Picture: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest

What: 48th Annual Academy Awards

Date: March 29, 1976

Host: Walter Matthau, Robert Shaw, George Segal, Goldie Hawn, and Gene Kelly

Location: Dorothy Chandler Pavillion (Los Angeles)

Network: ABC


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